What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?

A Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) as defined by the American Speech-Language Hearing Association holds the ASHA certificate of clinical competence (CCC), in speech-language pathology. 

This requires a masters, doctoral or other baccalaureate degree.   

​Speech-Language Pathologists are often referred to as "Speech Therapists" or "Speech Teachers". 

Treatment Approaches

Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol


The Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP) is a treatment approach for children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), other speech sound disorders, and expressive language challenges. The K-SLP focuses on the child’s motor-speech skills, by shaping consonants, vowels and syllable shapes/gestures.

DIR Floortime


The DIR Floortime approach is an evidence-based approach based on emotion and child-led interaction. Following the child's lead means following his/her emotions. Once you have figured out what the child is interested in, you can use that to draw him/her further up the developmental ladder.



 PROMPT is an acronym for Prompts for Restructuring Oral Muscular Phonetic Targets. The technique is an approach that uses touch cues to a patient’s articulators (jaw, tongue, lips) to manually guide them through a targeted word, phrase or sentence. The technique develops motor control and proper oral muscular movements, while eliminating unnecessary muscle movements.

Social Skills Training


  Social skills training (SST) is a type of behavioral training used to improve social skills in people with mental disorders or developmental disabilities. It is delivered either individually or in a group format. SST generally begins with an assessment of specific skill deficits and impairments, in order to identify the best social skill targets to work on. 

Phonological Awareness


  Phonological awareness is a skill that allows kids to recognize and work with the sounds of spoken language. Phonological awareness is made up of a group of skills. The most sophisticated is called phonemic awareness.. This lets kids tune into individual sounds, separate a word into the sounds that make it up, and to blend single sounds into words.

Sign Language


  American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex language that employs signs made by moving the hands combined with facial expressions and body posture. It is the primary language of those who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. We often utilize  sign language in therapy to assist with pre/non verbal children. It is a helpful tool to bridge the gap between receptive and expressive language abilities. 

Augmentative & Alternative Communication


  Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) includes all of the ways we share our ideas and feelings without talking. People with severe speech/language problems may need AAC to help them communicate. Aided AAC systems use some sort of tool or device, such as a computer system that speaks for you. 

Picture Exchange Systems


  Picture Exchange System (PECS) begins by teaching an individual to give a single picture of a desired item or action to a “communicative partner” who immediately honors the exchange as a request. The system goes on to teach discrimination of pictures and how to put them together in sentences. 

Total Communication Approach


Total Communication encourages the use of other communication methods, to support an individual’s understanding and use of language. It includes: speech, body language, facial expression, sign and gestures, vocalizations, symbols, written words, etc.