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What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?

A Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) as defined by the American Speech-Language Hearing Association holds the ASHA certificate of clinical competence (CCC), in speech-language pathology. 


This requires a masters, doctoral or other baccalaureate degree.   


​Speech-Language Pathologists are often referred to as "Speech Therapists" or "Speech Teachers". 

Treatment Approaches

Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol

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The Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP) is a treatment approach for children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), other speech sound disorders, and expressive language challenges. The K-SLP focuses on the child’s motor-speech skills, by shaping consonants, vowels and syllable shapes/gestures.

DIR Floortime

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The DIR Floortime approach is an evidence-based approach based on emotion and child-led interaction. Following the child's lead means following his/her emotions. Once you have figured out what the child is interested in, you can use that to draw him/her further up the developmental ladder.

PROMPT Method

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 PROMPT is an acronym for Prompts for Restructuring Oral Muscular Phonetic Targets. The technique is an approach that uses touch cues to a patient’s articulators (jaw, tongue, lips) to manually guide them through a targeted word, phrase or sentence. The technique develops motor control and proper oral muscular movements, while eliminating unnecessary muscle movements.

Social Skills Training

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  Social skills training (SST) is a type of behavioral training used to improve social skills in people with mental disorders or developmental disabilities. It is delivered either individually or in a group format. SST generally begins with an assessment of specific skill deficits and impairments, in order to identify the best social skill targets to work on. 

Phonological Awareness

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  Phonological awareness is a skill that allows kids to recognize and work with the sounds of spoken language. Phonological awareness is made up of a group of skills. The most sophisticated is called phonemic awareness.. This lets kids tune into individual sounds, separate a word into the sounds that make it up, and to blend single sounds into words.

Sign Language

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  American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex language that employs signs made by moving the hands combined with facial expressions and body posture. It is the primary language of those who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. We often utilize  sign language in therapy to assist with pre/non verbal children. It is a helpful tool to bridge the gap between receptive and expressive language abilities. 

Augmentative & Alternative Communication

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  Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) includes all of the ways we share our ideas and feelings without talking. People with severe speech/language problems may need AAC to help them communicate. Aided AAC systems use some sort of tool or device, such as a computer system that speaks for you. 

Picture Exchange Systems

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  Picture Exchange System (PECS) begins by teaching an individual to give a single picture of a desired item or action to a “communicative partner” who immediately honors the exchange as a request. The system goes on to teach discrimination of pictures and how to put them together in sentences. 

Total Communication Approach

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Total Communication encourages the use of other communication methods, to support an individual’s understanding and use of language. It includes: speech, body language, facial expression, sign and gestures, vocalizations, symbols, written words, etc.